Today's post is about the importance of eyes. Other aspects of an image offer more flexibility in restoration: although it wouldn't matter much if a few pixels altered a crease on her garment, human facial expressions convey a great deal of information. The original image looks pretty good at thumbnail, but this is her right eye, unedited, at 200% resolution.
That's a vertical scratch from her eyebrow which passes down the left edge of her eye. Then a second scratch curves with the lower edge of her eyelid and ends in a patch of corrosion, coupled with a second corrosion spot near the orbital bone at lower right. The image also has several dust specks that are most noticeable as light marks on her eyebrow. And if you look very carefully there's a series of faint horizontal scratches at the right edge of her eye. Those horizontal scratches continue farther right in the image.
The goal is to correct all of this damage without altering her expression. There's a hint of challenge to her face--not really hostile, but confident. She looks like she's studying the photographer as intently as the camera studies her.
Beginners usually go for the largest areas of damage immediately. It works better to begin with the small issues instead.
The smallest spots and scratches are out of the way now. One needs to be careful with this and not go so far that the work damages skin tone. Also, the shape of those knitted eyebrows forms part of her expression. Our aim is realism rather than airbrushed perfection. The next edit will work on that scratch at the lower eyelid.
This was the hardest part of the edit sequence because the scratch ran along the border between light and shadow. A slight tension in the orbital muscle that surrounds the eye gives the expression its sense of challenge. if the bright part of the lower eyelid comes out too wide, then that orbital muscle looks relaxed and the expression turns bland. If the dark part of the lower eyelid gets too wide then the expression hardens into a scowl. Working with the healing tool at a four pixel diameter setting managed a good balance between those extremes.
Here's the same closeup after the rest of the dirt and scratch removal is finished. Haven't changed the histogram here; that will come later. But the signs of photographic age don't distract from the look in her eye anymore. Pulling back a bit, and viewing in the context of other unrestored areas of her face, have another look at the work in progress.
She would be about 110 years old if she were still alive today. Perhaps the museum staff knows her name.